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Centre for Semiochemicals

Technologies Developed and Transferred

  • In India Centre for Semiochemicals (CSC) is the only centre working on the utility of semiochemicals (insect released pheromones/kairomones, and plant derived volatile chemicals) for crop protection. The application not only adds strength to the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) but also works as an alternative eco-friendly and environmentally safe pest control strategy for a given pest.
  • Major work of CSC is focused upon, the Isolation and Identification of insect pheromones and related insect behaviour modifying chemicals and Developing feasible synthetic routes and environmentally friendly pest control strategies
  • CSC has successfully demonstrated PAT in IPM as monitoring tools for the management of following pest insects belonging to different crops with indigenously developed pheromone lures
  1. American Bollworm Helicoverpa armigera an obnoxious polyphagous pest (in 100 Ha of cotton/vegetables - Yellow rubber septa/Funnel trap)
  2. Diamond Back moth Plutetta xylostella a serious pest on vegetables (in 100 Ha of cabbage) - White rubber septa / Sticky trap
  3. Early Shoot Borer Chilo infuscatellus, Pest on sugarcane (in 100 Ha. Sugarcane - Black rubber septa with Water trap)

Top Borer Scirpophaga excerptalis, pest on sugarcane (in 100 Ha of Sugarcane - Black rubber septa / water trap)

  • Stalk Borer Chilo auricillus, pest on sugarcane (in 50 Ha of Sugarcane - Black rubber septa / Water trap)
  • PAT as an alternative to pesticides was demonstrated up to mass trapping at village level using indigenously developed synthetic pheromone lures for the control of the following insect pests for the first time in India
  1. Aproaerema modicella Groundnut leaf miner (GLM) (seious pest on groundnut) (in 6500 Ha. and achieved 70% reduction in pesticide usage)
  2. Leucinodes orbonalis Brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) (in 350 Ha. and achieved 60% reduction in pesticide usage)
  3. Chilo saccharriphagus indicus Sugarcane inter node borer (in 500 Ha. and achieved 60% reduction in pesticide usage)
  4. Scirpophaga incertulas Rice Yellow Stem Borer (in 1000 Ha. and achieved 50% reduction in pesticide usage)
  • CSC developed PAT for GLM control is recognized as agro tool by State Agricultural Department and is introduced for the first time in groundnut IPM
  • CSC Developed strong collaborations with different Agricultural institutions/Universities (Institutions - ICAR, DRR, NRCB, NRCS, Indian Cardamom Research Institute SPICES BOARD etc. Universities-ANGRAU, TNAU, MPKV, G.B.Pant University of Agriculture&Technology, Agriculture University Bhubaneswar, Kerala etc.) and Voluntary organizations (SDDPA,KVK,RDTetc.)
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