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Crop Protection Chemicals

History

The primary goal of the research endeavours of Crop Protection Chemicals [CPC (Organic Chemistry II)] Division, CSIR-IICT, is to develop green globally competitive, environment friendly and commercially viable technologies for the market driven agro products and organic intermediates. The research efforts of the Division span a wide area in the realm of organic chemistry. The major research theme of the division is the design and development of novel crop protection strategies, to cater the needs of agrochemical sector specially Indian farmers. Organic process development has been a strong suit of the Division due to the strong leadership of Dr G.S. Sidhu, Dr G. Thyagarajan and Dr U.T.Bhalerao provided to the Division, which has generated viable methods for the industrial scale syntheses of several important agro chemicals which resulted in cash flow to the institute in the form of royalties and consultancy.

The Division is also involved in the development of biopesticides, which along with synthetic pesticides form a vital cog in the integrated pest management program. The Division is also strongly involved in the organic materials research as well as in the drug design and development. In the field of basic research, our efforts are focused on the organic methodology development, heterocyclic chemistry, photochemistry and total synthesis of natural as well as non¬natural compounds. The division has been a major participant in the CSIR - Open Source Drug Discovery program for tuberculosis. The Division has been contributing significantly to the national project TAP SUN, a solar energy research initiative aimed at a sustainable future. Keeping in mind the problems faced by the globe in general and the country in particular, CPC division has been working to effectively combine organic chemistry with process technology, crop protection, drug design and sustainable energy.

Organic photochemistry research area was initiated by Dr J. Madhusudan Rao during 1970's at RRL/IICT. The objective was to establish a laboratory with facilities to carry out basic fundamental aspects of light interaction with organic molecules leading to chemical transformations. Later in 1990s it was changed to develop processes involving photochlorination, photooxidation and photochemical cis-trans isomerisation. Further, during 2000 onwards, the orientation changed towards organic materials having optical and optoelectronic applications. Presently, the "Organic Photochemistry" group is involved in synthesizing various organic molecules having applications in (i) Non Linear Optics (NLO); (ii) Photoresists (iii) Organic Photovoltaics (OPV); (iv) Organic Light Emitting Devices (OLEDs); (v) Molecular Switches (vi) Dye Sensitized Solar Cells. Collaborations are initiated to fabricate devices by utilizing organic compounds synthesized.

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