Solar Energy Research
CSIR TAPSUN Projects:
- Dye-Sensitized/Quantum-Dot Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSC/Q-DSSC):
- FlexiSOLAR (Organic/Polymer Photovoltaics)
- Efficient Lighting Systems/ Devices (Organic Light Emitting Diodes, OLED)
- Innovative solutions for solar energy storage (Storesolar)
- Solar to Chemical Conversion Systems and Devices
CSIR-IICT is the nodal laboratory of this project.This project is sponsored by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India. The broad objective of the project is to develop cost effective, durable and more efficient DSSC by implementing a holistic approach of integrating novel materials with knowledge-intensive characterization and processes. The final target would be to assess the feasibility of large-scale production of PV modules based on this technology. The major output are >10% efficiency DSSC test cell device with broad absorption dye and suitable nano metal oxide materials and Modules (10 cm × 10 cm with 80% active area) with 7% efficiency and durability up to 3000 hrs.
FlexiSOLAR (Organic/Polymer Photovoltaics):
Six different CSIR laboratories are participating in this net work project, in which CSIR-IICT is one of the participating laboratory. The broad objective of the project is to design and develop existing, modified/functionalized suitably and novel materials for donor acceptor layer (DAL) , hole transport layer (HTL), and electron transport layer (ETL) for the development of efficient stable OPV devices. The main deliverables are
- Development of polymer donor-acceptor bulk heterojunction solar cells with efficiencies = 10 % with lifetime of > 5000 h.
- Developing cost effective solar paints for roof top/ on the wall applications on plastic and metal surfaces and achieving power conversion efficiencies 5-8 % with anticipated lifetime of > 5000 h.
IICT is mainly involved in modified/functionalized suitably and novel materials for donor acceptor layer (DAL), hole transport layer (HTL) and formulation of solar ink and paints.
Efficient Lighting Systems/ Devices (Organic Light Emitting Diodes, OLED):
Five CSIR laboratories are involved in this project in which CSIR-IICT is participating laboratory. The objectives are
- Design of new materials and devices for SSL applications.
- Design of low cost white LEDs for rural lighting.
- Design of new organic molecules and polymers for white OLEDs
CSIR-IICT main involved in the development of organic scaffold based white and blue emissive materials.
Innovative solutions for solar energy storage (Storesolar):
Five CSIR laboratories are involved in this network project. The broad objective of this project is ' The main objective of the present proposal is to develop high performing electrode materials suitable for photovoltaic energy storage systems which include development of lead-acid and lithium-ion batteries. The deliverables are
- Efficient light weight lead-acid battery technology (30-40% weight reduction) for various applications.
- Maintenance free lead acid battery (12V/50Ah VRLA) suitable for SPV.
- Lithium-ion battery (3.6V/650mAh) for LED lights
- Novel materials for futuristic energy storage systems like lithium/Air, super capacitor, Zn-Bromine, Mg-batteries etc.
CSIR-IICT is mainly contributing to this project for the development of polymer gel electrolyte for Li ion batteries, and replacement of Li with low-cost metals such as Mg.
Solar to Chemical Conversion Systems and Devices:
Six CSIR laboratories are involved in this network project. The objective and project theme is to spilt water into hydrogen using solar spectrum and subsequent storage/ utilization of hydrogen energy. The deliverables are
- Development of solar powered hydrogen electrolyzer with hydrogen generation capacity of 10 Nm3 /h
- Photocatalytic devices and systems (Hydrogen generator) with hydrogen evolution rate of 250ml/h with 99.5% purity
- Photoelectrochemical device for solar hydrogen with hydrogen evolution rate of 250ml/h with 99.5% purity
DST Sponsored Projects:
Advancing the efficiency and Production potential of Excitonic Solar Cells (APEX): This is a bilateral programme between UK and Indian institutes. There are six institutes from UK and six institutes from India are participating in this consortium. CSIR-NPL is nodal laboratory. This project involved industries also with aim of transferring technology. The project has entered in the second phase (2015-17) after successful completion of first phase (2011-15) with a aim to development of devices based on excitonic solar cell technologies.